Tropical Rain Forest, Why is it important to preserve?
Tropical rain forests are often described as dense forests, but this is not always the case because tropical forests in Indonesia vary greatly from primary forests to mangroove forests. You need to know that the potential of Indonesia’s forest resources is very large, ie 99.6 million hectares or 52.3% of the total territory of Indonesia (according to data kemenh 2011).
Broad forests in Indonesia can still be found in Kalimantan, Sumatra, Papua or Sulawesi. While on the island of Java the composition of forest area has been much decreased due to the transfer of land used for human settlements and agriculture. In addition to the vast forests, within Indonesia’s forests there are also a variety of flora and fauna that even some are endemic species that can only be found in Indonesia.
Ironically, however, there are many cases such as wildfires, massive illegal logging committed deliberately to explore the forest resources which result in some areas of forest being barren and certainly causing global warming. Still a lack of public awareness of the importance of forests for human life makes this process still running in our forests.
Here we describe the facts of the forest that makes us all have to preserve the forest.
Each large tree is capable of producing 4580 oxygen per year. While a person needs 2.9 kg of oxygen / day which means about 1058.5 kg / year. So if the house is inhabited by 4 people it takes about 4234 kg oxygen per year. This can be practiced By planting a large tree in your home yard of course needs adequate oxygen and air at home feels fresh throughout the year.
Each tree has an air cooling capacity equal to an average of 5 ac units operated for 20 hours / day.
Each hectare of forest can neutralize carbon dioxide (CO2) caused by 20 motor vehicles. Each hectare of forest has the potential to bind 1000 kg of dust per year caused by air pollution (dust, smoke, aerosols, etc.) and process it into humus.
The following is an effort that we or the government can do to preserve the forest.
Reforestation – Reforestation is an alternative to conserve forests. We can replant the already degraded forests, so that the forest will be preserved.
Implementing Selective Cutting System – The government should implement a selective logging system in cutting down trees. This can reduce illegal logging and in large numbers. In addition, this system is also useful for the community so that not just in doing logging.
Implementing Cutting – Planting System – This system is very useful for forest conservation. The logging system is subsequently replaced by planting forest that has been logged for forest to remain.
Conducting Conservative Logging – Conservative logging is logging by cutting down already non-productive trees. Do not let the trees are still young and productive in tebang.
Implementing Prohibitions on Forest Felling Arbitrarily and Providing Serious Sanctions to the Culprit – In addition to communities that must preserve forests, the government should also be involved in forest conservation. The government must join hands in the preservation of this forest. Instead, the government also gives tough sanctions for the perpetrators, which can make them wary and not make their mistakes again.
Some of the driving factors that accelerate forest destruction in Indonesia. For example, forest exploitation is done unsustainably (unsustainable). Then there is also no awareness to replant forests that have been cultivated / managed. Not to mention the inefficiency that often happens from logging to its use. Meanwhile, the reality in the field also speaks clearly that the number of preferred tree species is only part of the known commercial timber species. This of course speeds up the depletion of the wood. There is a multiplier effect occurring as a forest never previously touched has now become an impenetrable area. Forests are vulnerable to being damaged and ‘polluted’. And the most important is the economic needs of people living in the forest.